THE RIGHT ROULETTE RULES ARE:
 Place your bets.
 The croupier (or dealer) throws the roulette ball into the spinning roulette wheel. You can still place bets.
 As the ball rolls around the roulette wheel, the croupier/dealer announces: “It’s all gone.” or “Rien ne va plus.”
 From now on you can no longer place bets.
 The ball lands on a number on the roulette wheel. If you bet on the number, section or color, you win and are rewarded according to your betting odds.
ROULETTE BET TYPES
Roulette players buy chips (or bring already bought chips to the table) and then place their bets on random numbers or sections :

 Inside bets are placed directly on one or more numbers.

 Outside bets are placed on specific sections such as highlow, oddeven, redblack, and first, second, and third dozen.
 But there are other combinations of bets.
ROULETTE BETS
These are all roulette bets and their odds:
INSERTS
STRAIGHT UP
You bet on one or more numbers by placing your bet on that number or numbers on the layout. If the ball lands on your number or one of your numbers, you win 35 to 1 on that number. The house odds: American roulette with double zero wheel – 5.26%; Single Zero Wheel European Roulette – 2.70%.
SPLIT
(French: Cheval)
This bet is placed on more than one number by placing your chips on the dividing line between two numbers. The payout for a hit is 17 to 1. The house edge is 5.26% for the American double zero wheel and 2.70% for the European single zero wheel.
STREET, BET ON THREE NUMBERS, ALSO “TRIO”
(French: Transversale or Transversale Pleine)
One might think that with all the names for this type of bet, the payout should be thousands to one. Not at all, it’s just a bet on three numbers. You make the bet by placing your chips on the outer border of three numbers. A win pays 11 to 1. The house edge on the American double zero wheel is 5.26% and 2.70% on the European single zero wheel.
CORNER, SQUARE, BET ON FOUR NUMBERS
(French: Carré)
This bet is a bet that one of four numbers will win. The bet can only be accepted if the four numbers form a square and that’s why a particularly clever someone dubbed this bet “Square”. You place your bet on the cross where all four numbers meet. A winning bet pays 8 to 1. The house edge is 5.26% on the American double zero wheel and 2.70% on the European single zero wheel.
THE FIVE NUMBER BET
Also known as “the monster” or “the beast”
This bet is found only on American double zero wheels. It covers five numbers: 0, 00, 1, 2 and 3. A winning bet is paid 6 to 1. The house edge is (careful, sit down!) 7.89%! If you want to bet on those five numbers, it’s better to place your chips on the numbers individually, bringing the house edge back down to 5.26%
THE LINE BET, SIX NUMBER BET OR SIX LINE BET
(French: Sixain or Transversale Simple)
With this bet you place your chips on the outside border of the six numbers you want to bet on. A winning bet pays 5 to 1. The house edge on the American double zero wheel is 5.26% and 2.70% on the European single zero wheel.
COLUMN
(French: Colonne)
You are betting that one of the columns of numbers on the layout will contain the winning number. You place this bet at the bottom of the column that you think will win. A win is paid 2 to 1. The 0 and 00 are not part of a column, meaning you lose your bet if those two numbers come up. The house edge on the American double zero wheel is 5.26% and 2.70% on the European single zero wheel.
TEACHERS
(French: Douzaine)
The bet here is whether one number out of a dozen numbers on the layout will be hit. However, this is not a dozen consecutive numbers on the wheel, but 12 numbers on the layout. You place your bet on the first dozen, second dozen or third dozen. You can bet on two of the dozen. The payout is 2 to 1. Again, the 0 and 00 will cause you to lose your bet. The house edge on the American double zero wheel is 5.26% and 2.70% on the European single zero wheel.
ODD OR EVEN
(French: Impair or Pair)
Chips are placed on the odd or even portion of the layout. There are 18 odd and 18 even numbers. Neither the 0 nor the 00 counts as odd or even, and if either of them is hit, the house wins. Winnings are paid 1 to 1. The house edge on the American double zero wheel is 5.26% and 2.70% on the European single zero wheel.
HIGH OR LOW
(French: Passe or Manque)
The bet is placed on the layout “high” or “low”, i.e. on the section 118 or 1936 of the layout. Again, you lose your bet if 0 or 00 is hit. The payout is equal to the bet (1 to 1). The house edge on the American double zero wheel is 5.26% and 2.70% on the European single zero wheel.
RED OR BLACK
(French: Rouge or Noir)
Red or Black is another 1to1 bet where you can bet on the color of the number to be hit. The house edge on the American double zero wheel is 5.26% and 2.70% on the European single zero wheel.
ROULETTE HOW TO PLAY
Playing roulette looks easy – you choose a number or a section, such as B. red/black, makes a bet and waits to see what happens. Of course, that’s the essence of the game. But that’s not really how you play the game.
Roulette has game instructions for the following:
– How to determine the value of the chips?
– When will be set?
– How to make different missions.
– When should you stop betting?
at the table?
– What happens if you win?
– What happens if you lose?
– When do you start setting from the beginning?
ROULETTE RULE #1: HOW TO GET ROULETTE CHIPS
In many casinos , the roulette chips are not the same as the other table games (although these regular chips can also be used in roulette). Roulette chips can be quite colorful.
In fact, in some European casinos, roulette uses the same chips as other games, and dealers better be careful (oh, oh…) not to mix up players’ bets.
So you arrive at the table, get your money out and put it on the table when the game is between choices. You tell the dealer how much each of your roulette chips should be worth, he determines the amount on his chips “wheel” and then hands you your chips.
Your chips are now exactly the value you want.
ROULETTE RULE #2: WHEN TO BET
After you buy in, you will find that there is a “marker”, “puck” or other small object sitting on the table layout. This object indicates which number was made in the last decision. When the dealer removes it, betting begins.
Usually players make their own bets, but the dealers also help players who can’t reach far enough to place the desired bets.
ROULETTE RULE #3: HOW TO MAKE DIFFERENT BETS
If you want to bet a straight up, place your chips right on the numbers. If you place bets on the sections on the outside of the layout for e.g. red/black (French: rouge et noir), odd/even (French: impair et pair), high/low ( French: passe et manque), place them directly on the section. These all pay out 1 to 1.
For the first, second, or third dozen (French: Douzaine) and first, second, or third column (French: Colonne), place your bet directly on the appropriate section as well. These bets pay 2 to 1.
Below are other bet types that are placed in a special way and how much they pay out if they win:
Split (French: Cheval): If you want to bet on two numbers next to each other, place your chips on the line between the two numbers. A win pays 17 units for every 1 unit wagered.
Street, Three Number Bet, also “Trio” (French: Transversale or Transversale Pleine): If you want to bet on three numbers, place your bet on the outer edge of the three numbers. A win is paid 11 to 1.
Corner, square, bet on four numbers (French: Carré): after three numbers what comes? Four numbers, of course! The numbers form a square. Place your bet at the intersection where all four numbers meet. A win pays 8 to 1.
The Five Number Bet: This bet (the worst of all roulette bets as it has the highest house edge of 7.89%) is on 0, 00, 1, 2 and 3. A win pays 6 to 1. This mission is also known as the “beast”, the “monster” or the “motherinlaw”.
The Line Bet, Six Number Bet or Six Line Bet (French: Sixain or Transversale Simple): Split
(French: Cheval): This bet is placed on the outer borders of six numbers. A win pays 5 to 1.
ROULETTE RULE #4: WHEN TO STOP BETTING
The dealer spins the wheel even if bets are still being made. But at a certain point he will wave his hand over the layout and say: “No more bets!” From that point on, there are no more bets to be placed.
Of course, there are always players who want to know exactly and still bet. The dealer can then disqualify these bets.
ROULETTE RULE #5: HOW TO DEAL WITH OTHER PLAYERS AT THE TABLE
Most roulette players are nice people like you. But some of them are behaving a little… how to put it?… awkward! Because each player places their own bets, and multiple bets can be on the same number or section, the monkeys develop a tendency to move other players’ bets around in order to place their own. Some even knock over stacks of chips – other players’ chips.
Of course, there is no reason for such rowdy behavior, as the dealers give the roulette players plenty of time to place their bets.
You have three options:
1. Ask the ape man or ape woman to place his or her bet a little less aggressively as he/she knocks over chips and sometimes even people. Chances are the monkey will give a short growl and walk away.
2. Ask the dealer to stop the behavior. “My dear dealer, this creature here is an animal and it’s bothering other players and messing up the chips.” The dealer can comment and maybe it will work.
3. Or you get up and go to another table.
ROULETTE RULE #6: WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU WIN
If a number is hit, the dealer will announce it and maybe the suit and whether it’s even or odd etc. He will place the “puck” on the number and wipe all losing bets from the table.
Then he pays out the winnings.
ROULETTE RULE #7: WHEN TO CONTINUE BETTING
No bets can be made while the “puck” is on the winning number. After the winners have been paid out, the dealer will remove the puck and will say something like, “You can now place your bets.” Now you can try your luck again.
If you follow these general rules, you should enjoy your roulette experience. After all, people have enjoyed roulette for centuries. If you’ve never played roulette, give it a try. I’m sure you will find it exciting. But be sure to follow the rules!
THE KEY ELEMENTS

 The arrangement of the numbers differs on the American and European wheels.

 There are 37 numbers on the single zero wheel and 38 on the double zero wheel.

 The house edge on the single zero wheel is smaller than that on the double zero wheel.

 On the American double zero wheels, the house edge ranges from 2.63 to 7.89%. The usual house edge in the American game is 5.26%.

 On the European single zero wheels, the house edge ranges from 1.35 to 2.70%. The usual house edge in European play is 2.70%.
 You can quickly see that the European game is superior to the American one.
ROULETTE HOUSE ADVANTAGES
Like craps , roulette has a variety of bets, which I will briefly describe. However, the range of house edges in roulette bets is not as wide or varied as in craps. On the American double zero wheels, the house edge ranges from 2.63 to 7.89%. The usual house edge in the American game is 5.26%.
On the European single zero wheels, the house edge ranges from 1.35 to 2.70%. The usual house edge in European play is 2.70%. You can quickly see that the European game is superior to the American one.
HOW TO FIND THE HOUSE EDGE IN ROULETTE
The American wheel has 38 numbers and the payout on a win is 35 to 1. In a fair game, meaning one where the casino has no advantage, the payout on a win would be 37 to 1. In short, you bet 1 unit and wins 37. So you lose 37 times and win 1 time and the game is balanced; neither the players nor the casino have an advantage. That would be zero percent house edge.
Casinos couldn’t make a profit on such a game, so they pay back less than the stake was worth – 35 units instead of 37. The house keeps two units for itself. Simply divide 2 by 38 and multiply by 100 to get the house edge of 5.26%. I’ll discuss the other house edges when we cover specific bet types where the house edge is greater or less than 5.26%. This 5.26% indicates the house edge on the inside numbers and the outside sections like redblack, oddeven, etc.
As said, European roulette is better than American roulette because it only has one 0. There are 37 numbers and the casino pays 35 to 1 on a win. The casino keeps only 1 unit as opposed to the American casino which keeps 2 units. Simply divide 1 by 37 and you get a house edge percentage of 2.70%. I will later explain the other bets that have a lower house edge than 2.70%.
[Please note: the ball will be thrown in a certain direction in the ball lane, but the wheel will spin in the opposite direction. These directions can be switched every now and then or immediately after each spin.]
PLAY ROULETTE
GET INTO THE GAME
Many American casinos have special roulette chips of different colors for denominations not normally used in the rest of the casino. The player decides how much his colored chips are worth and each player gets a unique color.
This is not usually the case in Europe and the usual casino chips are also used in roulette. This can sometimes cause confusion for the croupier and frustration for the players.
“NOTHING WORKS ANYMORE”
Now the croupier will indicate that the players can place their bets and they place their bets on the layout. At some point, the croupier will say “I’m out of business” and all players will stop – except for the most troublesome players who just keep betting.
If someone bets after the dealer has said “No more,” that player’s hand will be chopped off and all spectators will nod in understanding. (Sorry, of course not, the bet just doesn’t count.) The croupier will usually say “No more bets” after throwing the ball into the groove running along the top of the wheel.
THE ROULETTE NUMBER BOARDS
Many players love to watch the ball make its rounds around the wheel, after which it slides down the wheel and bounces from slot to slot until it finally reaches its final resting place. This is reminiscent of ancestors who wanted a bike to tell them their future, which it will certainly do. Some of the more modern tables offer a video screen high above the wheel to allow players further away to see the action.
Meanwhile, a number table is also common, which indicates which numbers were hit last. Usually it is the last 16 or 20 that are displayed. This allows trend setters to figure out what trends they want to bet on.
There are also number boards that tell you what numbers are on all live roulette games tables across the casino were hit!
THE STRUCTURE OF ROULETTE: THE WHEELS
The layout of roulette has nothing to do with the arrangement of the numbers on the wheels. Look at the roulette wheels shown earlier and you will see that the numbers appear to be randomly placed and not in numerical order. Players are usually interested in placing their bets on the layout (check out the layout design) with no regard for how the numbers are arranged on the wheel, which can be seen as a small error on their part , as you will see later.
Casinos of the past knew that some wheels could tend slightly with age and use, meaning that certain deeper slots could tend to pick up the ball sooner than other, not so deep slots, or the wheel could become slightly unbalanced got and certain sections were hit earlier than others. More on that in the article on Roulette Hot Spots .
If players focused on the layout rather than the design of the wheel, all would be well with the world and the casino would keep winning – however, some players discovered that they could read the wheels . Such players could crack the casino advantage!
Let’s look at the arrangement of the numbers first on the American double zero wheel and then on the European single zero wheel.
THE NUMBER SEQUENCE ON THE AMERICAN WHEEL

 There are 38 numbered slots, numbered 1 through 36, plus 0 and 00, for the ball to land in.

 Half of the numbers are red; the other black and the 0 and 00 are mostly green, although on some wheels they can also be blue.

 You can see that an odd number is directly (or almost directly) opposite every even number. Take the 34 and you’ll see that it’s located almost directly across from the 33. Then look at the 36 and you will see that it is opposite the 35.

 However, this is not a perfect design as the numbers 18 and 19 are only separated by the number 33.

 Odd number pairs alternate with even number pairs. Exceptions are the areas around 0, which separates 2 and 28, and 00, which lies between 27 and 1.
 The colors of the numbers in the wheel correspond to the color of the numbers on the layout. The colors refer to only one type of use – black/red.
THE SEQUENCE OF NUMBERS ON THE FRENCH OR EUROPEAN WHEEL

 There are 37 numbered slots, numbered 1 through 36, plus 0, where the ball can land.

 Half of the numbers are red, half are black, and the 0 is either green or blue.

 The positions of the numbers are similar to those on the American wheel, with odd numbers placed directly opposite an even number, for example 27 opposite 28, but this is not true along the entire wheel.
 The colors of the numbers on the wheel correspond to the colors on the layout; again, this is only relevant for the black/red application.
THE KEY ELEMENTS

 The layout on which players place their bets does not match the distribution of the numbers on the reels.

 The layout is sorted numerically; on the wheel the order is fragmented.

 Inside bets are placed directly on one or more numbers.
 Outside bets are placed on specific sections such as highlow, oddeven, redblack, and first, second, and third dozen.

 The arrangement of the numbers differs on the American and European wheels.

 There are 37 numbers on the single zero wheel and 38 on the double zero wheel.
 The house edge on the single zero wheel is smaller than that on the double zero wheel.

 On the American double zero wheels, the house edge ranges from 2.63 to 7.89%. The usual house edge in the American game is 5.26%.
 On the European single zero wheels, the house edge ranges from 1.35 to 2.70%. The usual house edge in European play is 2.70%.
HOW TO PLAY ROULETTE – FAQ
Question 1: What is the house edge in roulette?
At a 37 to 1 bet, the return on a winning bet is not 37 units for a 1 unit bet, but 35 units for a 1 unit bet. The house edge is 5.26%. In European roulette, the payout is 35 units at 1 instead of 36 units at 1 for a house edge of 2.70%.
Question 2: What is the difference between the number arrangement on the wheel and the betting layout?
The numbers on the layout are entered in numerical order from 1 to 36, with 0 or 00 at the top of the layout. On the roulette wheel itself, however, the numbers are arranged differently. The numbers are staggered here, usually on opposite or nearopposite sides.
Question 3: Why is the five number bet called “the beast”?
The five number bet is called “the beast” on the American wheel because the house edge is 7.89% – the highest edge in the game.
Question 4: What happens if a casino allows Surrender?
If a 0 or 00 hits, half of the even money bets of Red/Black, High/Low and Odd/Even are returned to the player. This halves the house edge of the game.
Question 5: What happens if the casino allows En Prison?
En prison also halves the house edge. If the 0 hits, the even money bet is blocked for the next round. If it hits on the next spin, the bet is returned to the player. If the opposite is the case, the bet is lost. Another 0 and this procedure occurs again.
Question 6: Translated into money, what does a house edge of 2.70% and 5.26% actually mean?
The house edge of 2.70% means that a player loses an average of 2.7 units for every 100 units wagered. 5.26% means the player loses 5.26 units out of 100 units bet.
Question 7: What is an inside bet?
An inside bet is a direct bet on the numbers.
Question 8: What is an outside bet?
An outside bet is a bet on the various propositions surrounding the number field, i.e. Red/Black, High/Low, Odd/Even, Dozen Bet and Column Bet, including the Even Money bet.
Question 9: What is the probability that your bet will land even money on the American wheel?
An even money bet wins 18 times and loses 20 times on the American wheel.
Question 10: What is the probability of your bet coming in even money bets on the European wheel?
An even money bet wins 18 times and loses 19 times on the European wheel.